Beds and Healthcare Staff

In order to represent a composite measure for healthcare pressure following the COVID-19 pandemic, we combined both healthcare workers and critical care beds for each country. Data on the number of physicians and nurses was derived from the Eurostat database (most recent data extracted for each country). We used data on the number of “Practising nurses” where available. We retrieved data on “Professionally active nurses” for Ireland, France, Portugal and Slovakia. The COVID-19 related deaths and active cases were obtained from https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/.

Intensity approach

This bar chart displays the number of cumulative COVID-19 related deaths in the past 21 days relative to the base capacity of physicians, nurses and critical care beds. The country-level base capacity is represented by two composite measures: either cumulative number of deaths / ((physicians + nurses) x critical care beds) or cumulative number of deaths / (physicians x critical care beds) - all corrected for population size. The data is normalized to the situation in Italy on 11 March, 2020. As such, a score of 1 for a specific country and measure today, represents a pressure similar to Italy on 11 March on the base capacity of this country. Click on items in legend to toggle display of categories and/or hover over the bars to display the numbers.

Magnitude approach

This bar chart displays the number of active reported COVID-19 cases relative to the base capacity of physicians, nurses and critical care beds. The country-level base capacity is represented by two composite measures: either number of active cases / ((physicians + nurses) x critical care beds) or number of active cases / (physicians x critical care beds) - all corrected for population size. The data is normalized to the situation in Italy on 11 March, 2020. As such, a score of 1 for a specific country and measure today, represents a pressure similar to Italy on 11 March on the base capacity of this country. Click on items in legend to toggle display of categories and/or hover over the bars to display the numbers.

Descriptive statistics

((Physicians + nurses) x critical care beds) and (Physicians x critical care beds), both corrected for population size. Click on items in legend to toggle display of categories and/or hover over the bars to display the numbers.